Reviewed by Dr. Thao Le, DDS, MD

Mandibular tori, also known as torus mandibularis, are bone growths that appear on the lower jaw, underneath the tongue. They are not usually a cause for concern unless they interfere with daily activities such as chewing or speaking.

This blog will further explore what mandibular tori are, their symptoms, and options for mandibular tori removal.

Table of Contents

What Are Mandibular Tori?

Mandibular tori are bony growths that form on the inside of the lower jaw bone, right below the teeth. 

They can vary in size and shape but generally appear as a smooth, hard protrusion. These excess bone growths may develop on one or both sides of the jaw.

These bony growths can develop in other parts of the mouth, such as the roof of the mouth or on the cheek side of the jaw. When they are on the roof of the mouth they are called torus palatinus. When they are on the outside of the cheek side, they are called ‘exostoses.’

Mandibular tori are not common, affecting approximately 27 out of every 1000 adults in the United States. They are more commonly seen in women and older individuals, with a higher prevalence in Asian and Inuit populations

While the exact cause is unknown, factors such as trauma to the area, genetics, vitamin deficiency, and teeth grinding may play a role.

Key Takeaway

Torus mandibularis are bony growths that develop on the inside of the lower jawbone, right below the teeth. If the growths are not causing any symptoms or interfering with daily life, your dentist will take a ‘watch and wait’ approach. If they interfere with daily life, surgical removal by an oral surgery may be required.

What Are the Symptoms of Mandibular Tori?

Mandibular tori can develop without causing any noticeable symptoms. However, when they grow large enough, they can interfere with oral functions and cause discomfort. Some common symptoms of mandibular tori include:

  • Ridge-like growth along your teeth
  • Cuts on the gums in that area when eating hard or crunchy food
  • Difficulty chewing or swallowing
  • Food particles getting stuck around the bony growth
  • Difficulty fitting a dental appliance properly
  • Speech difficulties
  • Worsening obstructive sleep apnea

How Are Mandibular Tori Diagnosed?

Mandibular tori are most often detected during routine dental examinations. Your dentist may take photos to document the size and location. They may also use an X-ray or CT scan for a more detailed view. In some cases, additional tests may be necessary to determine if the bony growths are causing any underlying issues.

Treatment Options

If the growths are not causing symptoms or interfering with your daily life, your dentist may recommend monitoring them and taking a “watch and wait” approach. However, if they are causing discomfort or other issues, surgical removal is the most common treatment option. Tori also requires removal in preparation for dentures or removable partial dentures so the appliances can fit comfortably.

If your dentist recommends removal, they will refer you to an oral surgeon who will perform the procedure.

Procedure Details

Mandibular tori removal is typically performed using local anesthesia and dental sedation.

The surgeon will make an incision in the gum tissue surrounding the bony growths. The excess bone will be removed, and the area will be cleaned and sutured closed.

After the procedure, your surgeon will provide detailed post-operative instructions to ensure proper healing. Recovery can take up to four weeks, depending on the size of the tori that were removed.

How to Choose an Oral Surgeon

If you are considering surgical removal, it is important to choose an experienced and qualified oral surgeon. Here are some helpful tips on how to choose the right oral surgeon:

  • Ask for recommendations from your dentist, friends, and family. If you would like your dentist to refer you to our office, have them fill out the referral form. We will contact you when we receive your referral.
  • Research the surgeon’s credentials and experience, including their education, training, and any certifications or awards they may have received.
  • Read reviews from previous patients to get a better understanding of their experiences.
  • Schedule an initial consultation to meet the surgeon and discuss your concerns and questions. 

Foley & Le – Your Trusted Oral Surgeons in Boulder

Our team of highly trained and experienced oral surgeons specialize in various procedures, including the removal of mandibular tori. Our state-of-the-art facility is equipped with the latest technology to ensure safe and successful surgeries.

To get to know us better, have a look at our bios here!

If you are searching for an oral surgeon in Boulder, CO, or the ‘the best oral surgeon near me,’ we can help! To book an appointment at Foley & Le Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons, call (303) 444-2255 or complete the online booking form.

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